Charity and Judgement
To study thinking itself we must be willing to make judgement calls, despite potential complaints that all judgements might be “subjective”. We will proceed from the following observation:
Judgements and Subjectivity
You make judgements, but the concepts you employ to express those judgements are not yours; they are ours. Your judgement is not your opinion; it is your expression of how you perceive our world in terms that we, as competent language users, share.
To begin our construction of an evaluative system, we first need to clarify the sorts of things we aim to evaluate. In particular, our interest is in giving reasons, and examining the ways in which conclusions follow from reasons.